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英語の語彙:雑談(11)その2

① ability

■ ability 能力を意味する最も一般的な語で先天的及び後天的な技能あるいは知識

have the ability to do sth = be able to do sth = can do sth (can do sth が最も口語的)

○ どの程度の ability ?

( exceptional, outstanding, extraordinary, remarkable, special, excellent, phenomenal, prodigious | unequaled, unparalleled, unsurpassed, peerless, matchless, nonpareil, first-rate, first-class ) ability 
⇔ average ability

( informal ) → ( A1, top-notch ) ability

○ 不可思議な(不気味な)能力

uncanny ability

(イーディック)The man's ability to know things is uncanny. It's as if he had second sight.

その男の,物事を知る能力は不気味なくらいだ。まるで超能力があるみたいだよ。

○ 証明済みの ability

proven ability

○ どの分野の ability ?

( academic, acting, artistic, athletic, creative, intellectual, linguistic, mathematical, musical, reading, technical | mental, physical ) ability

○ 動詞

( have | demonstrate, show | acquire, develop, lack, lose, | appreciate, recognize ) an/the/one’s ability to do sth

○ to the best of your ability

(イーディック)Though I hadn't studied well, I answered the questions to the best of my ability.

十分には勉強していなかったのですが,精いっぱい問題に答えました。

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■ 学習スピードを意味する場合

○ ( high | limited, low | average, mixed ) ability

teach a mixed-ability class

○ ( assess, test ) an/the/one’s ability to do sth

○ a level of ability 

There was a high level of ability among the students.

○ a range of ability / abilities

teach a wide range of abilities

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