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名著 『Longman Lexicon of Contemporary English』 雑記帳 (1)

この名著は次のごとく始まる。

A  Life and living things

Life and death

A1  verbs : existing and causing to exist

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そして、この A1 で出現する語彙は次の4つ:

1 exist
2 be
3 create
4 animate

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名著によると exist の意味は to be real; be there in fact つまり、 「(現実に) 有る

名著より用例をひとつ引用する:

Fairies don't exist in real life, only in stories. 妖精は現実の生活の中にはいない、お話の中にいるだけだ。

妖精は an imaginary creature  だということだ。

ちなみに、私たちは、imaginative, imaginary, imaginable の区別・用法で苦労することがある。

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imaginative
If you describe someone or their ideas as imaginative, you are praising them because they are easily able to think of or create new or exciting things.
...an imaginative writer.
= inventive

imaginary
An imaginary person, place, or thing exists only in your mind or in a story, and not in real life.
Lots of children have imaginary friends.

imaginable
1 You use imaginable after a superlative such as `best' or `worst' to emphasize that something is extreme in some way.
...their imprisonment under some of the most horrible circumstances imaginable...
= conceivable
2 You use imaginable after a word like `every' or `all' to emphasize that you are talking about all the possible examples of something. You use imaginable after `no' to emphasize that something does not have the quality mentioned.
Parents encourage every activity imaginable.
= possible

(Collins Cobuild Advanced Learner's English Dictionary より)

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