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学習英英辞典を読む(5)

読んでいる学習英英辞典は、『Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's English Dictionary』である。

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abomination の項目より

引用: 

something that causes disgust or hatred

Some people view the sculpture as art while others see it as an abomination.

( 『小学館ランダムハウス英和辞典』より )

abomination

【1】(人にとって)大嫌いなもの,ひどく嫌われるもの ( to…)
Smoking is an abomination to me. タバコは大嫌いだ.

【2】(…への)嫌悪,大嫌い ( for…):
hold snakes in abomination [=hold an abomination for snakes] 蛇を忌み嫌う.

【3】忌まわしい行為[状態,習慣],醜行,醜態:
Spitting in public is an abomination. 人前でつばを吐くのは実に嫌な行為だ.

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Some people view the sculpture as art while others see it as an abomination.

今回引用したこの例文はいくつかの意味でおもしろい。

まず、文脈からして、the sculpture は 「その彫像」 のことで、可算名詞である。それを art という不可算名詞で受けている(もちろん the sculpture is an art という表現も、ニュアンスはある程度異なるが、可能だろう)。

ところが、同じ the sculpture を、次に、an abomination と可算名詞で受けている。

そして art と an abomination の間に while というつなぎのことばが入っている。

けっこう考えさせられる例文である。

ちなみに、『COBUILD』 は art を次のように記述している:

1 N-UNCOUNT

Art consists of paintings, sculpture, and other pictures or objects which are created for people to look at and admire or think deeply about.
...the first exhibition of such art in the West.
...contemporary and modern American art.
...Whitechapel Art Gallery.

2 N-UNCOUNT

Art is the activity or educational subject that consists of creating paintings, sculptures, and other pictures or objects for people to look at and admire or think deeply about.
...a painter, content to be left alone with her all-absorbing art.
...Farnham College of Art and Design.
...art lessons.

3 N-VAR usu the N in pl

The arts are activities such as music, painting, literature, cinema, and dance, which people can take part in for enjoyment, or to create works which express serious meanings or ideas of beauty.
Catherine the Great was a patron of the arts and sciences.
...the art of cinema.

4 N-PLURAL oft N n

At a university or college, arts are subjects such as history, literature, or languages in contrast to scientific subjects.
...arts and social science graduates.
...the Faculty of Arts.

5 ADJ ADJ n

Arts or art is used in the names of theatres or cinemas which show plays or films that are intended to make the audience think deeply about the content, and not simply to entertain them.
...the Cambridge Arts Cinema.

6 N-COUNT

If you describe an activity as an art, you mean that it requires skill and that people learn to do it by instinct or experience, rather than by learning facts or rules.
Fishing is an art.

7

Art is an old-fashioned form of the second person singular of the present tense of the verb be.

8 see also Bachelor of Arts, fine art, martial art, Master of Arts, state-of-the-art, work of art

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